Texas Hold’em Poker has quickly become the most popular card game around the world. The idea of Texas Hold’em originally started to become popular after the movie “Rounders” was released in 1998. Then in 2003, ESPN held the now popular World Series of Poker, which was won by Chris Moneymaker; and was a main starting point for the popularity of hold’em poker.
The 2003 World Series of Poker had 839 entrants, followed by triple that number in 2004. This trend continued all the way until 2006’s World Series of Poker, which had 8,773 entrants with a massive first place prize of $12,000,000 going to Jamie Gold.
Around these times came the growth of online poker, which soon turned into a widespread frenzy for poker players. The hands were dealt faster, with constant running cash games, sit n’ gos, and multi-table tournaments. You could even win a seat into the World Series of Poker through online poker. Today, most of the popular poker players that you see in the World Series can be found at different online poker sites.
How To Play Texas Holdem Poker
Hold’em is a game with 2 cards dealt to each player pre-flop, with 5 community cards dealt face-up, spread across 3 rounds of betting. There is a “big blind” and “small blind” that rotate clock-wise around the table, with the small blind always being half of the big blind.
The first round of betting occurs after each player is dealt their two cards and players decide whether or not they want to play their hands. After each player has decided to bet, call, raise, or fold; the dealer then turns over 3 cards, which is considered “the flop”. Players then go in clockwise order and go through another round of betting.
Then comes “the turn” which is just one card turned over, leaving four cards face up on the board, which is followed by another round of betting. The last card turned over is called “the river”, and is finished off with the last round of betting with players showing their cards after the bets are finished, and one player taking the pot.
Poker games fall into one of two categories – cash games or tournaments. In a cash game players are free to sit down and leave the game at any point as the poker chips represent real money. On the other hand are tournaments where players pay a fixed fee to enter and the game is played until one player has all the chips. Winnings are paid out depending on where a player finishes.
There are also two types of tournament – Sit N Go and Mult Table Tournaments (MTT’s). A Sit N Go tournament will have a set number of entrants, such as 10, 20 or 30. As soon as this number of players sign up, the game starts. Sit N Go’s are most commonly found online.
Multi Table Tournaments, on the other hand, are scheduled to start at a specific time. Anyone who is registered before the tournament starts (or sometimes even after) can play and the numbers often vary dramatically from day to day. Multi Table Tournaments can have large payouts, even in the millions for a large tournament such as the WSOP final event.
Texas Holdem Rules
There are a few rules of the game to be sure that you remember when sitting down at a live hold’em game (typically online hold’em games will enforce these rules so that you cannot break them):
- Only bet/call/raise/fold when the action is on you.
- Never touch another players chips
- You must raise at least twice the minimum bet: example- if the blinds are 10/20, you must raise to at least 40.
- When there are more than 2 players in a hand, only one bet and three raises can be made in one round of betting.
- In a cash game, you may not add chips DURING a hand, but may buy chips in between hands.
Those are the basic rules of live poker games, which of course will vary depending on the people you’re playing with. If you’re playing in a house game with some friends, they may have rules a bit different than the basics.
Basic Texas Holdem Strategy
The most important thing to remember is that you shouldn’t play every hand. Position is very important in poker, the closer that you are to the “button” or the “dealer” (the last person to act before the big and small blinds), the more hands you should play. In other words, if you’re one of the first players to act, basically that you’re near the big blind, you should be playing very tight and throwing away most hands. Another thing to be sure you know is what beats what in hold’em poker, here’s a list of winning hands in order of best to worst:
- Royal Flush- example: Ah, Kh, Qh, Jh, 10h (h being hearts)- only hand is Ace high straight flush
- Straight Flush- example: 6d, 7d, 8d, 9d, 10d (d being diamonds)
- Four of a Kind- example: 9s, 9c, 9h, 9d, 3s (s=spades, c=clubs)
- Full House- example: 5c, 5h, 5d, 6h, 6d
- Flush- example: 10c, 4c, 8c, Jc, Ac- all cards must be the same suit
- Straight- example: 3d, 4c, 5d, 6h, 7c
- Three of a kind- example: 10s, 10d, 10h, 3c, Qh
- Two Pair- example: 5h, 5d, 6c, 6d, Ah
- One Pair- example: Kd, Kh, As, 10h, 4d
- High Card- example: 10d, 5h, 2s, 8c, 7c
Of course you always need to base your hand off the board, even if you have three of a kind, keep an eye out for straight or flush possibilities. It’s always important to base decisions on the board, and how your opponent has played the hand throughout also.
Examples of Hands to Play and Not to Play
Example 1: You’re sitting directly next to the big blind and are the first player to act at a 9 player table early in a multi table tournament. You’re dealt Kd 8h.
Recommended play: Fold, this hand just is not strong enough to play in this spot with 8 players still to act after you, especially this early in a tournament.
Example 2: You’re sitting 3 seats to the right of the dealer at a 9 player table and are dealt Ad Qh in a cash game. One player raised before you to 3x the big blind.
Recommended play: Call, you’re playing a cash game and AQ is a very strong hand, especially in a cash game and since you have pretty strong position.
Example 3: You’re playing in a Sit-N-Go and are on the button, it folds all the way to you and you are dealt 8d 7c. It’s early in the 27 player Sit-N-Go, with 23 players still remaining.
Recommended play: I’d raise to 2.5 the big blind in an attempt to steal the blinds. 8/7 off suit is not an awful hand either, and if someone is to call you could always get a nice flop.
So now that you know the basics, get out there on the tables and have some fun! But remember, start at the small stakes and build your way up to the higher buy-ins.